Life Philosophy Piece; New Skills

10 May

12th Grade Only: Read this  Transcript-of-Commencement-Speech-at-Stanford-given-by-Steve-Jobs and write a well developed response in which you identify an important central idea, as well as one literary device or skill that helps develop this central idea.

The Life Philosophy Piece

Our next piece is the Life Philosophy . It is due Friday. The Steve Jobs speech is a great example. Here is a decent example from a student.

Today we will learn 3 New Skills:

Action-Adjectives:

Action-Adjectives: A descriptive phrase that contains an action, in the format of  Noun-Past Tense Verb-Noun. Helps create concise and action-packed descriptions.

Examples:  Sun-kissed hair,  action-packed description, chocolate-covered donut, orange-flavored gum, garbage-filled gymnasium, sauce-drenched chicken, freckle-faced boy….

Antithesis

Antithesis: a statement that contains a contrast of two ideas.  Often delivered in the format of “It is not this, it is that.”   Here are some examples.

“We recall that what binds this nation together is not the colors of our skin… [but] our allegiance to an idea…”

“Tonight you voted for action, not politics as usual. You elected us to focus on your jobs, not ours.”

“Together we stand, divided we fall.”

“Lennie doesn’t kill the puppy because he hates him, he does it because he loves him too much.”

Anecdote

Anecdote: A short story to help prove a point.

Ex: Steve Jobs speech uses 3 anecdotes to prove his point.

Often people will cite anecdotal evidence as proof.
-“Orange juice cures a cold. My grandma drinks orange juice as soon as she gets sick and her cold is gone in two days.”
-Lots of commercials use this form of persuasion. “I lost twenty pounds eating only Cheerios.”  Often you will notice a disclaimer to the effect of “results not typical,” because this is merely anecdotal evidence, it is not scientific proof.

Here’s a link for more info.

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